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英语长难句-名词性从句

2854人浏览 / 0人评论 / | 作者:因情语写  | 分类: 英语  | 标签: 英语  | 

作者:因情语写

链接:https://www.proprogrammar.com/article/162

声明:请尊重原作者的劳动,如需转载请注明出处


    名词性从句是复合句的一种

    复合句=主句+从句

    宾语从句

    (一) 宾语从句的含义

    一个句子做宾语

   

    (二)宾语从句的写法

    1. 陈述句变宾语从句

    We believe consumers should have more control.

    2. 特殊疑问句变宾语从句

    疑问词提前,变成陈述语序

                                                      Where did we put the keys just a moment ago?

                                                                                     ↓

    We suddenly can’t remember where we put the keys just a moment ago.

    3. 一般疑问句变宾语从句

    使用if或者whether

                                 Are other clients going to abandon me, too?

                                                                  ↓

    I don’t know if other clients are going to abandon me, too…

    (二)宾语从句的写法总结

    • Dr. Worm acknowledges that these figures are conservative.
    • We suddenly can’t remember where we put the keys just a moment ago, ...
    • I don’t know if other clients are going to abandon me, too…

    (三)宾语从句的位置

    谓语之后

    This may also explain why we are not usually sensitive to our own smells...

    谓语直接宾语(人)之后做间接宾语

    … users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed.

    介词后做介宾

    This and other similar cases raise the question of whether there is still a line between the court and politics.

    形容词之后做介宾

    … he felt certain that he never could have succeeded with mathematics.

    非谓语动词+从句

    You might even be tempted to assume that humanity has little future to look forward to.

    宾语从句后置,it 形式宾语

    That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions will be accepted as impartial judgments.

    表语从句

    (一) 表语从句的含义

    (二)表语从句的写法

    Part of the issue is that airports have only so much room for screening lanes.

    For Williams, these activities become what he calls “electronic heroin.”

    主语从句

    (一)主语从句的含义

    (二)主语从句的写法

    That the seas are being overfished has been known for years.

    What motivated him… was his zeal for “fundamental fairness”…

    And whether the community’s work contributes much to an overall accumulation of knowledge is doubtful.

    (三)主语从句的位置

    it做形式主语

    It did not matter what was done in the experiment...

    It is done + 主语从句(表达人们对一件事的观点看法)

    This year, it was proposed that the system be changed: ...

    It is + adj./n. + 主语从句(表达对一件事的评价)

    It is not yet clear how much more effective airline security has become...

    Second, it is surely a good thing that the money and attention come to science rather than go elsewhere.

    同位语从句

    (一) 同位语从句的含义

   

    (二)同位语从句的写法

    Evidence that the LoveLife program produces lasting changes is limited and mixed.

    There is no reason why everyone cannot be welcomed on Mauna Kea to embrace their cultural heritage and to study the stars.

    (三)同位语从句的位置

    抽象名词后:

    idea, opinion, fact, evidence, question, doubt, reason, theory, belief, possibility, chance, hope, contention, guarantee…

    Part of the fame of Allen’s book is its contention that “Circumstances do not make a person, they reveal him.”

    总结

    关于that,宾语从句中的that做宾语可以省略,其它不可以省略


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